- Use if to specify a block of code to be executed, if a specified condition is true.
- Use else to specify a block of code to be executed, if the same condition is false.
- Use else if to specify a new condition to test, if the first condition is false.
One of the statements runs when the specified condition is True, and the other one runs when the condition is False. When you want to define more than two blocks of statements, use the ElseIf Statement. You can nest up to ten levels of If… Then… Else statements.
The continue statement breaks one iteration (in the loop) if a specified condition occurs, and continues with the next iteration in the loop. The difference between continue and the break statement, is instead of “jumping out” of a loop, the continue statement “jumps over” one iteration in the loop.
The continue statement terminates execution of the statements in the current iteration of the current or labeled loop, and continues execution of the loop with the next iteration.
What is if-else statement with example?
Syntax. If the Boolean expression evaluates to true, then the if block will be executed, otherwise, the else block will be executed. C programming language assumes any non-zero and non-null values as true, and if it is either zero or null, then it is assumed as false value.
When would you use a conditional statement?
What is nested if statement?
A nested if statement is an if-else statement with another if statement as the if body or the else body. Here’s an example: … If the outer if condition evaluates to true, evaluate the outer if condition.