Should I learn Java or Python first?
If you’re just interested in programming and want to dip your feet in without going all the way, learn Python for its easier to learn syntax. If you plan to pursue computer science/engineering, I would recommend Java first because it helps you understand the inner workings of programming as well.
Is Java really dying?
“You’re right, there’s no evidence that Java is dying. … Most organizations would not trust them in production, and production is what Java is made for. Scala is an excellent multi-paradigm language. It runs on the JVM, or Java Virtual Machine.