An interface is a reference type in Java. It is similar to class. It is a collection of abstract methods. A class implements an interface, thereby inheriting the abstract methods of the interface. Along with abstract methods, an interface may also contain constants, default methods, static methods, and nested types.
What do u mean by interface in Java?
An interface in the Java programming language is an abstract type that is used to specify a behavior that classes must implement. They are similar to protocols. … Starting with Java 8, default and static methods may have implementation in the interface definition.
WHAT IS interface in Java explain with example?
Like a class, an interface can have methods and variables, but the methods declared in an interface are by default abstract (only method signature, no body). Interfaces specify what a class must do and not how. It is the blueprint of the class. … A Java library example is, Comparator Interface.
What is the use of interface in Java?
The interface in Java is a mechanism to achieve abstraction. There can be only abstract methods in the Java interface, not method body. It is used to achieve abstraction and multiple inheritance in Java. In other words, you can say that interfaces can have abstract methods and variables.
What is class and interface in Java?
A class describes the attributes and behaviors of an object. An interface contains behaviors that a class implements. A class may contain abstract methods, concrete methods. An interface contains only abstract methods. Members of a class can be public, private, protected or default.
When would you use an interface?
You should use an interface if you want a contract on some behavior or functionality. You should not use an interface if you need to write the same code for the interface methods. In this case, you should use an abstract class, define the method once, and reuse it as needed.
What is difference between abstract class and interface?
Abstract class and interface both can’t be instantiated. But there are many differences between abstract class and interface that are given below.
Difference between abstract class and interface.
|3) Abstract class can have final, non-final, static and non-static variables.||Interface has only static and final variables.|
What is overriding in Java?
In any object-oriented programming language, Overriding is a feature that allows a subclass or child class to provide a specific implementation of a method that is already provided by one of its super-classes or parent classes. … Method overriding is one of the way by which java achieve Run Time Polymorphism.
WHAT IS interface and types of interface?
In computer technology, there are several types of interfaces. user interface – the keyboard, mouse, menus of a computer system. The user interface allows the user to communicate with the operating system. … hardware interface – the wires, plugs and sockets that hardware devices use to communicate with each other.
What is an interface in OOP?
In Object Oriented Programming, an Interface is a description of all functions that an object must have in order to be an “X”. … The purpose of interfaces is to allow the computer to enforce these properties and to know that an object of TYPE T (whatever the interface is ) must have functions called X,Y,Z, etc.
What is diamond problem in Java?
The diamond problem is a common problem in Java when it comes to inheritance. … As simple inheritance allows a child class to derive properties from one super-class. for example, if class B inherits properties from only one super-class A, then it is called simple inheritance, and Java supports them.
Why abstraction is used in Java?
The main purpose of abstraction is hiding the unnecessary details from the users. Abstraction is selecting data from a larger pool to show only relevant details of the object to the user. It helps in reducing programming complexity and efforts. It is one of the most important concepts of OOPs.
What is interface with real time example?
An interface in java it has static constants and abstract methods only. for real time example – it is 100% abstraction. example is, Comparator Interface. If a class implements this interface, then it can be used to sort a collection.